This page highlights notable research related to biofortification. For an explanation of the types of research that inform the biofortification evidence base, visit the Marshalling Evidence page.

Biofortification Research Evidence Brief

A summary of nutrition, health, and socio-economic research findings about biofortified crops.

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Featured Research

Projected Increase in Acute Food Insecurity Due to War in Ukraine | Global Policy Research

Publication: World Food Programme (WFP) | Summary: The WFP models the impact of the current Ukraine food crisis on food insecurity. Modelling shows when the crisis continues beyond 2 months and impacts next years' production and harvests in Ukraine and Russia, and available exports, acute food insecurity increases by 20% in East Africa 24% in West Africa and 19% in Southern Africa–resulting in an additional 30 million acutely food insecure people.

Malawi: Nationally Representative Estimates of the Cost of Adequate Diets, Nutrient Level Drivers, and Policy Options | Global Policy Research

Publication: Food Policy | Summary: Malnutrition is often due to the unaffordability of a nutritious diet. Low-cost policy options are explored to overcome this barrier, including the use of agronomically biofortified maize, which increases selenium intake and could increase feasibility of an adequate household diet from 60 to 95% at half the cost.

Identification of Candidate Genes Regulating Drought Tolerance in Pearl Millet | Crop Development Research

Publication: International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Summary: The drought tolerance of pearl millet contributes to its importance in sustaining food and fodder production. This analysis of its cellular and molecular mechanisms identifies genes that are promising candidates for breeding for pearl millet and other millet crops to increase yield in drought-prone arid and semi-arid ecologies.

Addressing Gender Norms to Address Financial Inclusion | Innovative Finance

Publication: Consultative Group to Assist the Poor/World Bank | Summary: A technical guide to improve impacts of digital finance services on women’s economic empowerment; aids with the design of interventions that address the gender gap and increase women’s financial inclusion and economic empowerment, taking gender norms into account.

Impacts of Digital Financial Services on Women’s Economic Empowerment | Innovative Finance

Publication: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Summary: A summary based on studies from multiple countries of the impacts of access to digital financial services on women’s economic empowerment, including women’s support networks, opportunity time cost, labor force participation, and productivity.

Blood, Behavior, and Brain Function: Impacts of Iron Biofortification | Nutrition Research

Publication: BMC Public Health | Summary: An efficacy study among Indian adolescents revealed biofortified pearl millet was efficacious at improving iron status, cognition, and measures of brain function. This paper demonstrates multiple pathways by which blood iron levels affect brain function and cognition.


Genomic selection can accelerate the biofortification of spring wheat
High-resolution genome-wide association study pinpoints metal transporter and chelator genes involved in the genetic control of element levels in maize grain
Use of stable isotopes to study bioconversion and bioefficacy of provitamin A carotenoids
Applying Zinc Nutrient Reference Values as Proposed by Different Authorities Results in Large Differences in the Estimated Prevalence of Inadequate Zinc Intake by Young Children and Women and in Cameroon
The halo effect of biofortification claims on taste inference and purchase intention
There is a nutrition-related health crisis in the United Kingdom
New Study Shows Eating Biofortified Cassava Improves Vitamin A Status In Nigerian Children
Zinc Study Indicates Possible Role for Biofortification In Addressing Non-Communicable Diseases
Study Shows Biofortified Maize Improves Vitamin A Content of Breast Milk
Study Finds That More Nutritious Pearl Millet Can Meet Full Iron Needs of Children
Study: Foods Made With Whole-Grain Zinc Maize Lose Only Small Share of Zinc in Processing, Cooking
New Research Shows Benefits of Iron-Biofortified Pearl Millet for Physical Activity in Adolescents
Transition From Targeted Breeding to Mainstreaming of Biofortification Traits in Improvement Programs